This Museum, located in an old heritage building at Akershus Fortess,
is the result of an initiative taken by some of the men and women
involved in the Resistance during the Second World War. Among other
things, it aims "to convey a true and authentic picture of the years of
Chronological exhibition convey an historical perspective, from pre-war times to the liberation in May 1945.
English and Norwegian explanatory texts bring authentic documents,
photographs, posters and artifacts together. Several shoecases, as well
as film clips and audio tapes of important speeches animate the
Symbolic effects, artistic details and authentic
details and objects make the 200 metre long walk through narrow 17th
century stone vaults a maorable and educational experience. The War
Memorial next to the museum has a plaque listing the names of Norwegian
patriotsshot on this spot during the occupation (1940-45).
In 1299, Haakon V Magnusson was proclaimed king of Norway. The King initiated the construction of the fortress
some time before the turn of the century. The medieval castle, which
was completed in the 1300s, was strategically placed at the very end of
the headland. Thus, it withstood a number of sieges throughout the ages.
King Christian IV (1588-1648) had the castle modernized
and converted into a Renaissance castle and royal residence. In the
1570s, the castle became the residence of the Danish King Governor of
Norway. During the 17th and 18th century the castle fell into decay,
but restoration work started in 1899.
The prison Museum
early as 1830 50-60 prisoners were imprisoned here. In 1853 the tower
got one extra floor, whitch contained 8 new cells. In the 1890s three
punishment cells were built on the ground floor. It was here the masterthief Ole Høiland
was imprisoned - and escaped from. During the Second World War the
tower was used to imprison Norwegian patriots who waited to be executed.
The Armed Forces Museum
two brick buildings at the far end of the fortress yard were built in
the 1860s and used as arsenals. They provide as natural setting for the
museum, which was opened in 1978. The Armed Forces Museum is a
historical museum, depicting Norwegian military history, from the very
first defence measures taken during the Viking era, through the
numerous Nordic wars under Danish rule, the period leading up to
independence (1814-1905), as well as modern history, including the
Second World War.