HomeAbout NorwayAdventuresTop destinationsEventsFamous Norwegians Forum




Menu

















statoilcoke, coca colafriele coffe

 Barents Sea

The Barents Sea is a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean, located north of Norway and Russia. Known in the Middle Ages as the Murman Sea, the sea takes its current name from the Dutch navigator Willem Barents. It is a rather deep shelf sea (average depth 230 meters) and maximum depth 450 meters), bordered by the shelf edge towards the Norwegian Sea in the west, the islands of Svalbard in the northwest, and the islands of Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya in the northeast and east.

Novaya Zemlya separates the Kara Sea from the Barents Sea. Significant fossil fuel energy resources exist in the Barents Sea region. A large oil reserve, estimated to contain 200 to 300 million barrels of recoverable oil equivalents, was discovered by Statoil, the Norwegian state oil company and announced in January 2012.

Due to the North Atlantic drift, the Barents Sea has a high biological production compared to other oceans of similar latitude. The spring bloom of phytoplankton can start quite early close to the ice edge, because the fresh water from the melting ice makes up a stable water layer on top of the sea water.

The phytoplankton bloom feeds zooplankton such as Calanus finmarchicus, Calanus glacialis etc. and krill. The zooplankton feeders include young cod, capelin, polar cod, whales, and Little Auk. The capelin is a key food for top predators such as the North-East Arctic cod, harp seals, and seabirds such as Common Guillemot and Brunnich´s Guillemot. The fisheries of the Barents Sea, in particular the cod fisheries, are of great importance for both Norway and Russia.


 Hammerfest
 more video Finnmark Accommodation, Businesses and more pictures from Hammerfest  Hammerfest