ADOLPH TIEDEMAND (1814-1876)
Adolph Tidemand was a Norwegian painter who was born in Mandal in 1814. At this time there were no art schools in Norway, so he moved to Copenhagen, Denmark at the age of 18 to attend the art academy. He studied there for five years and then began a journey to Italy to study further.
But when Tidemand came to Düsseldorf, Germany, he liked it so much that he settled down there. Tidemand was preoccupied by Norwegian history, particularly after returning on a journey to Norway in 1843. After that he often traveled to Norway.
Tidemand was an important Norwegian romantic nationalism period painter with many paintings. Tidemand´s paintings of the old Norwegian farm culture show the Norwegian farmers as they were.
Today Adolph Tidemand is counted as the first to the Norwegian historic painters and is best known for this depiction of Norwegian farm and street life. The National Gallery (the Nasjonalgalleriet) in Oslo alone owns over 100 of his works. His best known painting is “the Haugians” (Haugianerne) painted in 1852, and "The bridal procession in Hardanger" (Brudeferd i Hardanger) painted in 1848 with Hans Gude.
Adolph Tidemand was the son of customs inspector and storting representative Christen Tidemand and Johanne Henriette Haste. He received private art lessons in his home town and his talent was soon recognized. He then was enrolled in an art school in Christiania, moving on to Copenhagen in the period 1832-37. Upon arrival in Copenhagen, he was rejected by the Royal Danish Art Academy and studied at a private school of art, but by 1833 he was a pupil at the Academy, earning Academy exhibitions in 1835 and 1836.
From 1837-1841 he continued his studies with the art academy in Düsseldorf, which at the time enjoyed widespread international recognition. Here he prepared the well known Hjemvendte fiskere with the sjællandske coast (1838). The painting Gustav Vasa talks to dalalmuen in Mora Church (1841), was sold to a German museum, but was later returned to Christiania.
In the autumn of 1841 he studied in Italy along with his brother Emil. From this period few of his works remain, except for the picture Napolitansk fisherman (1842).
During 1842-45 he traveled extensively in Norway (Østerdalen, Gudbrandsdalen, Sogn, Hardanger and Telemark). More of his works survive from this period, including: Eventyrfortellersken (1844), Søndagskveld (1843), and Gudstjeneste (1845).
He married in 1845 with his childhood sweetheart, Claudine Marie Bergitte Jæger (1817-1887). The couple settled in Düsseldorf in 1845. Here he painted the first of several versions of Haugianerne (1848).
Brudeferden, with Hans Gude
Haugianerne from 1852
Likferd, with Hans Gude
- 1841 – Gustav Vasa taler til dalkarlene i Mora kirke
- 1844 – Eventyrfortellersken
- 1845 – Søndagskveld i en røykstue i Hardanger
- 1846 – Norsk juleskikk
- 1848 – Brudeferden i Hardanger (painted together with Hans Gude
- 1848 – Signe Halvorsdatter Valle i Sætersdalen
- 1848 – Haugianerne (painted again in 1852)
- 1849 – De ensomme gamle (Also known as Husandakt)
- 1849 – Ingeborg Andersdatter Gulsvik, Flå, as bride
- 1851 – Aften på Krøderen (painted together with Hans Gude)
- 1852 – series Bondeliv in Oscarshall
- 1853 – Likferd på Sognefjorden (painted together with Hans Gude)
- 1854 – Den foreldreløse
- 1859 – Fiskere i havsnød (painted together with Hans Gude)
- 1865 – Bestemors brudekrone
- 1865 – Fanatikerne
- 1874 – Syneve
- 1874 – Nød