ALEXANDER LANGE KIELLAND (1849 - 1906)
Alexander Lange Kielland was born in Stavanger 18 February 1849 and dies in Bergen 6 April 1906 and was one of the most famous Norwegian authors of the 19th century.
grew up in a rich merchant family. Even though he was born rich he had
a sincere affection for the less fortunate. And he treated his workers
well when he was a factory owner.
He remained a spokesman for
the weak and a critic of society throughout his time as a writer. Among
his most famous works are the novels "Garman & Worse", "Skipper Worse", and "Poison" (Gift). His short stories are also well known.
Kielland was the younger brother of Norwegian landscape painter Kitty Lange Kielland, and their mutual interactions were important to shaping both as artists.
In Poison (Gift) Kielland
debates the hunger for Latin which Norwegian teachers had in this area
of time. The story has its peak when a young boy called Marius, is
lying on his deathbed, repeating Latin grammar.
It has been debated why Kielland
ended his career as a writer so early. Some believe that he was so much
of a realist that he could not deal with new-romantic tendencies in
Norwegian literature at the end of the 19th century. A more probable
reason is that he chose to focus on his politic career.
Tor Obrestad´s biography of Alexander L. Kielland opens up thoughts about Kielland dying from obesity.
Kielland had several heart-attacks, he constantly gained weight and he couldn´t control his great passion for food.
From 1891 Kielland was the burgomaster of his hometown, Stavanger. In 1902 he was designated county governor of Møre & Romsdal.
Alexander L. Kielland is one of the so-called "The Four Greats" in Norwegian literature, along with Henrik Ibsen, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson and Jonas Lie, although the term was originally coined only as a marketing trick.
Nye novelletter, 1880
To Novelletter fra Danmark, 1882
Garman & Worse, 1880
Skipper Worse, 1882
Sankt Hans Fest, 1887
Paa Hjemvejen, 1878
Hans Majestæts Foged, 1880
Det hele er Ingenting, 1880
Tre par, 1886
Bettys Formynder, 1887
Menneker og Dyr, 1891
Omkring Napoleon, 1905